The town of Roman occupies a strategic position in the very centre of the historical and geographical region of Moldova, a converging zone for many vital European, national and regional communications.
The name of the city is derived from the Voivode Roman I of Moldavia, who is believed to be its founder. His first son was Alexandru cel Bun. From here prince Roman carried out his efforts of centralization of Moldavia, with the city of Roman acting as the capital of the Lower Country of Moldavia.
The oldest mentions of the city can be found in the Novgorodian Chronicle (dated between 1387 and 1392). Five years later, the name once again appeared on a donation deed. The city is further mentioned in a Moldavian document, signed by Moldavia's Voivode Roman I, on March 30. The document is one of the first of the at the time young state of Moldavia, the first of its kind that boasts a fully legible version of the Moldavia seal, bearing the aurochs, the moon, the star, and the flower - symbols still in use on the Coat of Arms of Moldova.
Roman is a city with municipality status situated in the central part of Moldavia, a traditional region of Romania. It is located 46 km east of Piatra Neamt, in Neamt Country, at the confluence of the Siret and Moldova rivers.
The city of Roman is run by a mayor and a local council composed of 21 councilors.
Addresss: Roman-Voda Square, No.1, Roman City, Neamt County
The city of Roman has become an important commercial hub for the Moldavian region. In 2017, Holcim Cement Terminal was opened and Lidl, Profi and Somaco logistics warehouses began to work in order to optimize regional distribution in the north-east of the country. In the city, there are traditional companies: Arcelor Mittal Steel SA, Cersanit Romania SA, TRW Airbag Roman LTD, Umaro SA, Agrana Romania SA, Somaco Group SRL, Carmeil LTD, Petrotub Izoterm SA, Marsat SA. In terms of investment, Roman City has experienced a special dynamic in recent years. Thus, on the former industrial sites, located in the north of the city , the company TRW Airbag System LTD opened a car airbags production facility with over 1,500 employees. About half of companies are active in trade (43%) and 21% in services. The other sectors have the following shares in the Roman economy: industry (12.3%), transport (6,7%), constructions (9%), tourism (3%), agriculture (1,7%), other activities (3,3). The construction activity is constantly on the rise and diversifying both within industry and civil and urban engineering.
The main touristic attractions are the halidoms founded in the Middle Age and imposing downtown churches with lots of constructive details and stylistic eclecticism. The 15 Orthodox halidoms and the 5 Roman-Catholic churches form an important part of the Romanian historical and cultural-artistic heritage.
Roman City boasts four museums that include special collections of important historical objects, and host various artists` international and national exhibits.
In the center of the city we can find the house of Romanian conductor and composer Sergiu Celibidache, which dates back to the end of the 18th century. Sergiu Celibidache, considered one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century, was born in this house in 1912. In 2012, on the occasion of the musician's 100th anniversary, his bust was inaugurated on the square that carries his name.
George Radu Melidon`s Municipal Library boasts a book fund of over 160.000 volumes, arranged in a late 19th century house that belonged to merchant Vasile Ioachim. The wealthy man brought French masters to construct it in the classical French architectural style. Worth a visit is also the unique Tower betraying Florentine influence .
Roman City`s Municipal Park is an oasis of beauty which attracts a lot of tourists. Upon the recreational lake you can find boat-ride possibilities during the festival season, the main attractions being 3 isles: The Brâncuși Isle with specific sculptural details, Green Planet Isle enlivened by small animals and birds creating a mini-ecosystem and Cascade Isle, which is endowed with an artifical cascade and serves as a relaxation and observation point of the whole area. Within the central area of The Park can be found The Personalities` Rotunda which contains the busts of 10 Romanian historic personalities.
The "Moldova" sports and leisure complex - the newest attraction of the city of Roman is the result of an investment of almost 2.5 million euros. Inaugurated in 2015, the Roman Municipal Pool incorporates 3 swimming pools: for children, for beginners, and an Olympic-sized one for advanced challengers.