Happy Constitutional Day, Poland!
It was the first constitution in modern Europe
- May 03, 2018 09:30
- Monika Dimitrova
Today, Poland celebrates Constitution Day, which commemorates the enactment of the Polish Constitution that came into effect on May 3, 1791. Constitution Day is part of a holiday season known as Majówka, which also includes the Labour Day holiday. It is celebrated with military parades, spring concerts and family picnics. Many people also gather at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Piłsudski Square in Warsaw. The monument is dedicated to unknown soldiers who gave their lives for Poland.
On May 3, 1791, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth’s constitution was adopted. It was the first constitution in modern Europe. It was a significant achievement of the Polish Enlightenment thinkers. May 3 was established as a holiday only days after the constitution was passed by the Polish Parliament. It was later suspended for many years due to the country’s partitioning, but was reinstituted after Poland regained its freedom in 1918. After World War II, in 1946, the communist authorities banned the holiday’s public celebration. The holiday was officially cancelled in 1951. Since 1990 the May 3 holiday has again been celebrated as an official statutory holiday in Poland.
Source: Time and date
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