Unification Day in Romania


Today Romania celebrates 'Ziua Unirii', otherwise known as Unification Day or 'Little Union Day'. On this date, all Romanians celebrate the Union of the Romanian Principalities in 1859. The date became a public holiday in 2015. In Bucharest and in almost all major cities, there are military ceremonies, flower wreaths, and people are joining in circles to perform the traditional dance called “Hora of Unity”. Most of the ceremonies in Bucharest take place on the Patriarchal Hill where in 1859 Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected as Ruler.

Since the 14th century, Moldavia and Wallachia had been principalities in Eastern Europe. In 1859, Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected as Ruler of both, thus creating the Union of the Romanian Principalities. After the Union, the official name of the country became The Romanian United Principalities. It was renamed to Romania in 1866 and in 1881 it became known as The Kingdom of Romania. 

This unification is seen as a key event in the formation of the Romanian national state. Transylvania, Banat, Crisana and Maramures joined Romania on 1st December 1918. This event is commemorated by Grand Union Day, the National holiday of Romania.