Historia de la ciudad
For centuries, Thracians, Slavs and Bulgarians lived along this coast of Danube, creating their own way of life and culture. Traces of a Thracian settlement center, existed in the first millennium BC have remained in tombstones. Later across these areas passes the great Roman Danube road. This is evidenced by the remains of the Roman castles Magura piatra (or Reganum), Camistrum and Augusta. In this region there are three historic trenches, which were later called Lomski, Ostrovski and Kozlodujski, where a military garrison of Khan Asparukh was placed. The first known written record of the existence of a village with a similar name in Nikopol's sanjak is given by the "Ijmal" defactors of the 15th century.
In the 18th century the settlement was marked as Kotozluk and Kozludere (a low coomb) and later Kozloduy (an angle of ice blocks).
On 17 May 1876 Hristo Botev's detachment landed at Kozloduy on the Radetski steamer.
On 23 November 1877 the 8th cavalry regiment under Commander Alexandru Perets liberated Kozloduy from the Ottomans. This cavalry was part of the Romanian Forces under the command of the Russian Imperial Army. Construction of Kozloduy actually started with the construction of the first Nuclear Electric Power Station, which was started on 6 April 1970.
On 29 August 1969, by Decree No 828, published in the State Gazette №68, Kozloduy is officially named as a city.
Kozloduy Municipality is located in the eastern part of Northwest Bulgaria, on the Danube River, at 25 meters above sea level and 285 sq. km. It is located 7 km from the Ogosta River. Kozloduy Municipality includes the city - Kozloduy and four villages - Harlets, Glozhene, Butan and Kriva Bara with a total population of about 20,000 people. At a distance of 81 km from the town of Kozloduy is the district center of Vratsa, and 200 km away is the capital Sofia.
The region has traditions in the power generation and agriculture. It has well-built infrastructure and communications system, highly qualified workforce. Rich historical past, favorable geographic location, clean environment and dynamic present, local government with an innovative approach to the policy of economic development of the municipality - this is Kozloduy municipality, developing according to European criteria.
Str. “Hristo Botev” 13, City of Kozloduy 3320
tel: 0973 85 800
Plant growing in the municipality is concentrated in a cooperative and several larger companies lease agricultural land. In addition, private farmers handle about 60,000 decares of agricultural land. Agriculture has the potential to achieve greater growth. Undoubtedly, this sector of the local economy is emerging as an attractive prospect for the region to be developed in the future.
Livestock farming is concentrated in the private sector, and production is primarily intended for self-sufficiency of the population.
Kozloduy Municipality has an altitude of 25 meters. Land resources are a factor of particular importance for the development of agriculture in Kozloduy municipality. The whole territory is occupied by black earth soils that are rich in nutrients. The arable land is suitable for growing grain and vegetable crops, sugar beet and others.
About 98% of the active business units are small and medium-sized enterprises. Most of them are micro-companies with up to 10 employees, which make up nearly 90% of the local market, and who are working in the trade and services sector, transport and public services, bread and bakery and confectionery, hotel and restaurant services mainly property of local residents. There are also medium and large companies with more than 50 employees in the municipality. They are in the energy and construction sectors.
- In Kozloduy municipality there are historical sights related to the life of Hristo Botev and the liberation movement. The natural features, geographical location and historical sites offer good opportunities for recreational tourism in Kozloduy Municipality.
- Monument of Hristo Botev.
- “The Botev Park” Historical Site on the territory of the municipality, with an area of 160 decares, is re-categorized in Kozloduy Protected Zone with an area of 10 ha and is the only protected site in the municipality.
- The Kozloduy-Butan 13-foot Botev way, through which annually passes hundreds of participants in the Kozloduy-Okolchitsa National Tourist Camp.
- Museum “Kozloduy- the new station of Bulgaria”.
- The early Byzantine town of Augusta from the 4th to the 6th centuries of the new era near the village of Harlets, declared an archaeological reserve of 1984 with an area of 80 decares.
- Horse-and-sport base in the village of Butan - one of the fifth best complexes in Bulgaria.
- Near the municipality is the Vratsa Balkan, which offers opportunities for organized tourism and winter sports.
National museum "Radetski" steamship
National museum "Radetski" steamship, promoting popularity and stock activity related to the life and work of Hristo Botev, the road of the Botev četa, the national liberation movement, as well as opportunities for water attractions and voyages.
Culture and traditions
Leisure time is an important part of the life of the municipality's population. With its cultural events and annual holidays, Kozloduy offers people of all ages and with diverse interests a variety of opportunities for spending their free time and enriching their spiritual culture. Kozloduy Municipality's biggest event is the "Crafts and Arts Festival", which takes place in September.