The first mentions of Sibiu can be traced to 1191 when it was referred to by Pope Celestine III.
In the 14th century, the city had already become an important trade centre. Sibiu quickly became the most important among the ethnic German cities that gave Transylvania its German name Siebenbürgen (literally seven citadels). Within it one could find the Universitas Saxorum (Community of the Saxons), a vast network connecting many different experts and professionals, including ministers, pedagogues, intellectuals and of course city officials. Over the next few hundred years, Sibiu became the most important area for the ethnic Romanians in Transylvania.
The city became home to the first bank fully owned by Romanians, the Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and Romanian's People Culture and became the seat of the local orthodox church branch as well as the seat of the Transylvanian diet.
After World War I, upon the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian empire, Sibiu was granted to Romania. However, a large part of the local population remained German - constituting a majority up until 1941. Over the next few decades, many of them migrated to Germany and Austria.
Sibiu is a city in Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 147,245. It is located some 275 km north-west of Bucharest, the city straddles the Cibin River, a tributary of the river Olt.
Address: Str. Samuel Brukenthal №2, Piața Mică №25, Sibiu 550178
Situated in the heart of Romania, in the beautiful region of Transylvania, Sibiu is a city with over 150 000 inhabitants. It held the title of European Capital of Culture in 2007 and the title of European Region of Gastronomy in 2019. Due to its European spirit, the city has greatly developed its economy, tourism and culture, but also grew to be a welcoming and appreciated living environment, with well paid jobs and an unemployment rate close to null. Today Sibiu is a well-known touristic destination, a city of culture and one that attracts investors because of its visibility, fiscal predictability and transparency of the local administration.
Sibiu is one of Romania's most culturally lively cities. It has 3 theatres and a philharmonic orchestra along with other smaller private theatrical venues and a theatre studio housed by the Performing Arts and Acting section of Lucian Blaga University, where students hold monthly representations.
The Radu Stanca National Theatre is one of the leading Romanian theatres. With origins dating back to 1787, it attracts some of the best-known Romanian directors, such as Gabor Tompa and Silviu Purcarete. It has both a Romanian-language and a German-language section, and presents an average of five shows a week.
The Gong Theatre is specialised in puppetry, mime and non-conventional shows for children and teenagers. It also presents shows in both Romanian and German.
The State Philharmonic of Sibiu performs weekly classical music concerts, and educational concerts for children and teenagers. The concerts take place in the newly restored Thalia Hall, a concert and theatre hall dating from 1787, situated along the old city fortifications. Weekly organ concerts are organised at the Evangelical Cathedral during summers, and thematic concerts are performed by the Faculty of Theology choir at the Ortodox Cathedral.
The Sibiu International Theatre Festival is an annual festival of performing arts. Since 2016, it is the largest performance arts festival in the world.