The earliest inhabitation in Innsbruck dates in the early Stone Age. Some pre-Roman place names show that the area has been permanently populated. The Romans created the army station Veldidena at Oenipons (nowadays Innsbruck) in the 4th century to protect the economically important commercial road Verona-Brenner-Ausburg in their province of Raetia.
In 1429 Innsbruck became the capital of all Tyrol. During the 15th century Innsbruck become a centre of European politics and culture under Emperor Maximilian I. Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria hold the rulership over Tirol by 1564 and other Further Austrian possessions, which were administered from Innsbruck up to the 18th century.
During World War I, the only military action taking place in Innsbruck was in the end of the war. Italian Allied planes raided Innsbruck on February 20, 1918 and caused casualties among the Austrian troops there. No damage to Innsbruck was done. All Tyrol were occupied by soldiers of the III Corps of the First Italian Army in November 1918. Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in the Anschluss in 1938. In the period 1943-45 Innsbruck experienced 22 air raids and suffered heavy damage.
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria. It is situated in the Inn valley, at its junction with the Wipp valley. The population of Innsbruck is around 130 894 (2016).
Innsbruck represents the economic centre of western Austria. It is also an attractive tourist centre, with more than 1 million overnight stays. Innsbruck is also a university city, with several colleges and universities.
In Innsbruck are located the headquarters of Bank fur Tirol und Vorarlberg,Tiwag (energy production), Tiroler Versicherung (insurance) and MED-EL (medical devices). The headquarters of Swarovski (glass), Felder Group (mechanical engineering) and Swarco (traffic technology) are located within 20 km from the city.
Innsbruck is an internationally famous winter sports destination. The city hosted the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olypics as well as the 1984 and 1988 Winter Paralympics. In 2012 Innsbruck also hosted the first Winter Youth Olympics.
Innsbruck`s old town is over 800 years old and home to many sights and attractions that reflect the city`s colourful history, like the Golden Roof (Goldenes Dachl), the Innsbruck City Tower (Stadtturm), the Imperial Palace (Hofburg), the Court Church (Hofkirche), the Triumphal Arch (Triumphpforte) and the Cathedral of St. James.