Thumb coat of arms of split.svg Split

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Andro Krstulović Opara

Breve história

Split has been a major Byzantine city since 812. In 1105, the city engaged sporadically in fights with its rival - Trogir. Split has been part of many nations that imposed their rule over it, namely Hungary-Croatia, later by Venice, from 1797 to 1918 it was ruled by Austrians, briefly by the French, later it became a part of Yugoslavia and of independent Croatia in 1992.

The town celebrated in 1995 the 1,700th anniversary of the initiation of construction of the Roman palace where today is the old town. The walls around it were built to be 2 metres thick and between 18 and 22 metres high. It had 16 towers and 4 gates. Only three towers remain today. It is interesting to note that the area has been continuously inhabited since the palace and its walls were built. 



Split is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea and is spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula.

According to the 2011 census, the city of Split had 178,102 inhabitants. Ethnically, Croats make up 96.23% of the population, and 86.15% of the residents of the city are Roman Catholics.  

Split's economy is still suffering the backlash from the recession caused by the transfer to a market economy and privatization.  In the Yugoslav era, however, the city had been a highly significant economic centre with a modern and diverse industrial and economic base, including shipbuilding, food, chemical, plastics, textile and paper industry, in addition to large revenues from tourism. Today, most of the factories are out of business (or are far below pre-war production and employment capacity) and the city has been trying to concentrate on commerce and services, consequently leaving an alarmingly large number of factory workers unemployed.

Brodosplit is the largest shipyard in Croatia. It employs around 2,300 people, and has built over 350 vessels, including many tankers, both panamax and non-panamax, as well as container ships, bulk carriers, dredgers, off-shore platforms, frigates, submarines, patrol boats and passenger ships. 80% of the ships built are exported to foreign contractors.

The new A1 motorway, integrating Split with the rest of the Croatian freeway network, has helped stimulate economic production and investment, with new businesses being built in the city centre and its wildly sprawling suburbs. The entire route was opened in July 2005. Today, the city's economy relies mostly on trade and tourism with some old industries undergoing partial revival, such as food (fishing, olive, wine production), paper, concrete and chemicals. Since 1998, Split has been host to the annual Croatia Boat Show.  



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Fonte: Pixabay

In 1979, the historic center of Split was included into the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Split is said to be one of the centres of Croatian culture.

Always buzzing, this exuberant city has just the right balance of tradition and modernity. Step inside Diocletian’s Palace (a Unesco World Heritage site and one of the world’s most impressive Roman monuments) and you’ll see dozens of bars, restaurants and shops thriving amid the atmospheric old walls where Split life has been humming along for thousands of years.