Bohuslav Svoboda

It is believed that one of the first settlers on the territory of present-day Prague were Celtic tribes in the 4th and 5th century BC, but they were quickly driven away from the area by Germanic tribes. In the 5th and 6th centuries Germanic and Slavic tribes began to settle. The Czech tribes gradually settled too, and soon the construction of the Prague Castle and the cathedral of the city began. In the 14th century, the city had already evolved and flourished under the reign of Karl I, King of Bohemia and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Prague was already a highly developed imperial capital. The city entered into an uncertain period of development after the end of Karl I's rule. In 1689 Prague was almost completely destroyed by a fire but quickly managed to recover. The Industrial Revolution of the 18th century marked the start of the construction of many factories for coal and iron processing. After the First World War, the state of Czechoslovakia was formed and Prague was chosen as its capital. The Second World War was also devastating to the city. In 1993, the Czech Republic became an independent state and chose the city as its capital.

Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is the 14th largest city in the European Union. More than 1.4 million people live in the city, and over 2 million in the entire area. Prague was founded in the 6th century and later became the capital of the historic Bohemia region. In 1960, Prague was divided into 10 districts. In July 2001, the regions became 22 separate administrative districts. Some of these districts have administrative rights over other districts.

The country's economy is based on several key industries such as energy, information technology, transport, communications and research. The automobile and electronics industries are highly developed. In Prague, heavy industry was slowly replaced by the service sector, with the vast majority of the working population employed in the areas of communications, finance, information technology, commerce, food industries. Tourism also holds a large share of the economy.



Prague is visited by millions of tourists every year. One of the most attractive parts of the city is the historic center. There are many organized and educational tourist programmes for visitors. Other historic sites in the center include the Old Town Hall building, as well as many other architectural sites in different styles from different periods of the city's history. The Prague Castle, where the President of the country now lives, is a major landmark. Its construction began in 870, and was completed only recently, in 1929. Another tourist attraction is the Charles Bridge over the Vltava River. The Astronomical Clock can also be visited in the historic center. It began showing the time in 1410, making it the oldest still working astronomical clock in the world.