The history of Perugia goes back to the Etruscan period. The city was one of the main Etruscan cities.
In 1797, Perugia was conquered by French troops. IN 1798, the Tiberina Republic was formed, with Perugia as capital, and the French tricolour as flag. In 1799, the Tiberina Republic merged to the Roman Republic.
In 1832, 1838 and 1854, Perugia was hit by earthquakes. Following the collapse of the Roman Republic of 1848-49, when the Rocca was in part demolished, it was seized in May 1849 by the Austrians. In 1859 the inhabitants rebelled against the authority of the Pope and established a provisional government, but the insurrection was quashed bloodily by Pius IX`s troops. In 1860 the city was united finally, along with the rest of Umbria, as part of the Kingdom of Italy. During World War II the city suffered minor damage and was liberated by the British 8th army on 20 June 1944.