Bistrita is Romania’s northernmost medieval borough, founded in the 12th century by German colonists coming from Mosel and Luxembourg Valleys, in a period when the Catholic Church consolidated itself as a state institution in Central and Eastern Europe.
From the 19th century onwards the old fortification was demolished except for the Coopers’ Tower. The spirit of tolerance, understanding and co-operation has been dominant, continuing a tradition which creates an idyllic atmosphere in a town where people know each other, an atmosphere that gives peace of mind and invites to long sojourns and nostalgic returns. The City Hall is housed in a 19th century building facing the Evangelical Church – the symbol of a town where Romanians, Germans, Jews and Hungarians live in peace and harmony.
Bistrita is also known as a town of many passageways as the street network in the old town still retains 22 narrow streets overlooked by medieval arches and vaults.