The history of the city dates back to the time of the Roman Empire when it deployed its military base on the today's city territor. Since then, Vienna has started its economic development, becoming an important center of trade as early as the 11th century. It became the capital of the Babenberg Dynasty, and later of the Austrian Habsburgs, during which it became one of Europe's major cultural centers. In the 19th century the city became the capital of the Austrian Empire, later of the Austria-Hungary, and for a short period of time one of the largest Austrian cities. After the end of the First World War, Vienna was declared the capital of the Republic of Austria.
Vienna is the capital and the largest city in Austria. The population of the city is 1.8 million, with about one third of the population of the whole country living in Vienna and its adjacent territories. It is located in the eastern part of the country, close to the borders with the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. Vienna is known for its high standard of living, and in 2005 it was ranked first among the most livable cities. The capital is divided into 23 districts, with residents of each region electing their district governor. The local mayor is responsible for the allocation of the municipal budget.
Address: Rathaus, Friedrich-Schmidt-Platz 1, 1010 Wien
Working hours: 08:00 – 18:00
Vienna is known for its high standard of living, as in 2005 the city became one of Europe’s centers with best living conditions. The service sector in Vienna is the most important economic sector, followed by industry and commerce. Agriculture has a small share of the economy, but wine production has a great socio-cultural significance for the population. Scientific research is also well developed. The headquarters for Eastern Europe of more than 300 international companies are located in Vienna. Vienna is also one of the hubs of information technology and some of the largest IT companies in the world have offices in the city. In 2014, Vienna adopted the Smart City Wien Framework Strategy 2050, which is focused not only on transforming Vienna into a smart city but also on environmental protection by reducing carbon emissions. Vienna and the whole area around the capital is one of the richest in the European Union. In 2013, 25.7% of gross domestic product comes from the city. In 2015, Vienna occupied the 9th place in economic stability. Some of the most important factors for the development of the economy of the capital are scientific research and development, with studies in the field of pharmacy, bio and medical technologies having the largest share. The city is also one of the top IT locations with nearly 9,000 businesses in the IT sector. Major products of this branch are measuring, testing and navigation instruments and devices, as well as electronic components.
Another major branch of the city is tourism. More than 6.2 million people have visited Vienna in 2014, and the city is also a major destination for national and international conferences. Major tourist destinations in the city are the historical center, which is part of UNESCO's list, numerous palaces, museums and galleries, as well as all cultural events. The Danube River runs through the city and various river boat and ferry tours are also one of the major tourist attractions.