The name Jastrebarsko is derived from jastreb, the Croatian word for 'hawk' or 'falcon'. This can be attributed to the practicers of falconry, who were active in the area of southwest Zagreb County. A remnant of falconry can also be found in the Jastrebarsko coat of arms, which features a yellow goshawk on a blue blackground. The first mention of this name is found in a 1249 document of the Croatian ban Stjepan Gutkeled as "lands of Jastraburcza". The town is therein described as a trade and judicial center. In 1257 Croato-Hungarian King Bela IV awarded Jastrebarsko the status of a “free royal trading center” by the means of a golden bull. This status helped Jastrebarsko combat the interests of local feudal lords until the abolishment of the feudal system by ban Josip Jelacic in 1848.
From 1518 to 1848 Jastrebarsko is heavily influenced by the Croato-Hungarian noble family Erdody. The bans Petar II and Toma II Erdody were known for their victories against the spreading Ottoman Empire. Toma, son of Petar, won the 1593 Battle of Sisak, a major and decisive battle in the Ottomans' centuries-long occupation of Balkans. Later, in 1809 during the expansion of Napoleon`s First French Empire, Jastrebarsko was for a short time incorporated in the Illyrian Provinces. This lasted until Summer 1813, when the French retreated from Croatia.
Jastrebarsko started to rapidly develop following the 1848 abolishment of feudalism. The Zagreb-Karlovac railway was built in 1865, providing the town with a major source of employment. The local elementary school, founded in the 17th century, was augmented by a number of other cultural, social and sports organization, including a library, the singing society "Javor", association of tamburica players, a voluntreer fire brigade and a theater and others.
In the late 19th and early 20th century, Jastrebarsko was a district capital in the Zagreb Country of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slovenia.
The town was the site of a concentration camp for Serb children operated by the authorities of the Independent State of Croatia during World War II.This was the only concentration camp during World War II that was opened for children only.
Jastrebarsko is a small town half way between Zagreb and Karlovac, half way between urban and rural country, and half way between tranquility and big city bustle. And all those roads merge together in an idyllic landscape of characteristic spirit and homey atmosphere.
According to the 2011 census, Jastrebarsko has a population of 16,667 spread out through 60 neighborhoods.
Address: Strossmayerov Trg 13, Jastrebarsko
The City of Jastrebarsko, also known as “Your Business Friendly Town”, is a multi-year initiative process representing the long-term action of local government with the goal of long-term economic development. The process began in 2002 and covers a range of strategic activities, focusing on the development of the business infrastructure in the Economic Zone of Jalševac, concerning itself with opening the doors of domestic and foreign investment in order to create new jobs, promote entrepreneurship and overcome administrative hurdles by adopting effective local government as “business partners”, thus boosting entrepreneurship and the potential of the local economy in general.
Jastrebarsko area holds some of the best preserved landscapes and picturesque villages, which make it a jewel of the Zagreb County, Croatia, and more. Surrounded by sunny winegrowing hills filled with family farms, picnic areas, forests and other beauties coupled with crystal clear spring water, the area becomes the perfect spot for relaxation and return to the roots.
This charming little town holds absolutely everything you need to fill your heart and soul: picturesque landscapes to warm your heart, pure spring water to quench your thirst, forest air to fill your lungs, rich past, castles, a wealth of cultural monuments and a whole array of vineyards along the Plešivica Wine Road… You might even run into the eponymous hawk carefully watching over its town. The town of Jastrebarsko was awarded a flattering title of the European City of the Future.