The Austro-Hungarian period – the Austrians returned to Milan after Napoleon's defeat in 1815, but they were no longer enlightened reformers. In 1848 the city rebelled against the Austro-Hungarians, and in 1859 it became part of the Savoy Kingdom.
The Kingdom of Italy - Milan rapidly became a financial and industrial center. The city attracted workers from other Italian regions, but its growth also sowed the seeds of social tensions which did erupt in 1898 and were fiercely repressed by cannon fire. Milan's city center was soon taken over by banks and insurance companies, causing great changes in the urban landscape. Elegant residential districts were built, along with a model prison (San Vittore) and the Cimitero Monumentale.
The Fascist party was founded in Milan in 1919. With the exception of industrial workers and a few groups of intellectuals, the city itself did not oppose the birth of the dictatorship. It was during Fascism that a series of pompous works such as the Stazione Centrale were built, but there were also some examples of innovative architecture; the Triennale was one of them.
Milan headed the national reconstruction, since it had been devastated by Allied bombardments. The city has emerged as Italy's major center for commerce, finance, publishing and, recently, as the Italian capital of the media, design, fashion and advanced service sectors.
Milan is the capital of Lombardy and the second most populous city Italy, with the city proper having a population of 1,362,695 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,229,000. Its continuously built-up urban area (that stretches beyond the boundaries of the metropolitan City of Milan) has a population estimated to be about 5,270,000 over 1,891 square kilometres, ranking 4th in the European Union. The wider Milan metropolitan area, known as Greater Milan, is a polycentric metropolitan region that extends over central Lombardy and eastern Piedmont and which counts an estimated total population of 8,173,176, making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy.
Address: 147 Wabash, Milan 48160
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Milan is the industrial and financial heart of Italy. The province of Milan generates approximately 10% of the national GDP; while the economy of the Lombardy region generates approximately 22% ot Italy`s GDP. The province of Milan is home to about 45% of businesses in the Lombardy region and more than 8 percent of all businesses in Italy.
Milan is an important industrial and manufacturing centre, especially for the automotive industry, with companies such as Alfa Romeo, Pirelli and Techint having a significant presence in the city. Other important products manufactured in Milan include chemicals, machinery, pharmaceuticals and plastics, health and biotechnologie and food & beverage.
The city is home to a large number of media and advertising agencies, national newspapers and telecommunication companies, including both the public service broadcaster RAI and private television companies like Mediaset, La7 and Sky Italia.
As Italy's financial hub numerous headquarters of insurance companies as well as many banking groups (198 companies) and over forty foreign banks are located in the city.
Milan is a major world fashion centre, where the sector can count on 12,000 companies, 800 show rooms, and 6,000 sales outlets (with brands such as Armani, Prada, Versace and Valentino), while four weeks a year are dedicated to top shows and other fashion events. The city is also a global hub for trade and design.
Porta Muova is the main business district is the main of Milan, and one of the most important in Italy. Tourism is an increasingly important part of the city's economy.
The city has long been named fashion capital of the world and the world'sdesign capital, thanks to several international events and fairs, including Milan Fashion week and the Milan Furniture fair, which are currently among the world's biggest in terms of revenue, visitors and growth.
Milan is the destination of 8 million overseas visitors every year, attracted by its museums and art galleries that boast some of the most important collections in the world, including major works by Leonardo da Vinci. The city is served by a large number of luxury hotels and is the fifth most starred in the world by Michelin Guide.