Thumb 357px pol warszawa coa svg Warsaw

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Rafał Trzaskowski

Brief history

The history of Warsaw is over 1400 years old. The beginning of it was marked by the several villages established close to each other, and in the 9th the area surrounded by a fortified wall became a center that can even be visited today - this is the Old Town of Warsaw. The history of the city is extremely dynamic, with Warsaw experiencing some of the most devastating battles, uprisings and wars, and the territory of the country has been repeatedly divided and distributed among other nations. The city suffered exceptional defeats and gave many casualties during the two World Wars. Today it is a well-developed economic and cultural center.

Warsaw is the capital and the largest city in Poland. It is situated at 100m above sea level and the area of ​​the town is 517 sq. km. The city's population is just under 2 million. The Vistula River passes through the city and the shores of the Baltic Sea are some 260km to the north. Warsaw is divided into 18 districts and each district elects its mayor. The districts are subdivided into neighborhoods without their own administrative bodies.

The capital of Poland is the 46th most expensive city to live in the world. The headquarters of all institutions are located in Warsaw, as well as the headquarters of major international companies. Over 300,000 companies are registered in the capital, and the stock exchange there was established in 1817. It ceased operating in 1939 and was re-established in 1991. After becoming a member of the European Union, infrastructure has undergone enormous changes, including the construction of a metro, renewal of sidewalks and roads, new health facilities, and others.


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Warsaw is a major tourist destination in central Europe, which attracts thousands of tourists every year. The city has many historical sites and the most attractive for tourists is the Old Town. There are also many castles, museums, monuments, cathedrals, and beautiful parks, the most famous of which is the Royal “Łazienki” Park. Many architectural landmarks can be visited, too. The city also hosts many festivals and cultural events. Annually, between May and September, "Łazienki " Park hosts open-air Chopin concerts under the statue of the Polish composer.